It cannot be generalized that all men belonging to societies that subscribe to violence subject women to acts of aggression. However, the contexts and rationales for a society’s sanctioned violence put women in a vulnerable position because these will inform the ideological atmosphere within which these women will exist. The analysis of Ilongot and Tausug societies has shown how the views, values, and interests of men are served and preserved through institutionalized privileges, social entitlements and religious rights not available to everyone. Human beings are entitled to the same set of rights, but concessions and justifications are made on these rights by virtue of biological sex, thereby translating them into gender-specific social, religious, political, and even economic codes.The analysis of Teduray society is confirms how ideological atmosphere becomes the framework for treating women in the examination of their regard for violence and their treatment of women. Their absence of gendered concepts stems from the same principles that make them abhor violence.
I agree that violence is a natural response to anger, and cannot be totally absent from any society. It is the institutionalization, sanction, and reward of violence that bespeaks of a society’s code of dominance, for in the imposition of power of one being over the will of another, there will be hierarchies; and with hierarchies come discriminations. And as with the varied forms of discrimination the world over, there is always the most basic of all – that of favoring men over women.
“VIOLENCE AND SANCTION in the Male-Female Dynamic of the Ilongot, Tausug, and Teduray Societies: A Research Paper” written by Cindy Cruz-Cabrera | March 2008
- Falling Into the Wage Gap: Why Do Women Earn Less Than Men? (mint.com)
- Gender-based Violence in War times and Peace (halfofhumanity.wordpress.com)
- The Truth about Domestic Violence and Abusive Relationships (glasby-sam.blogspot.com)
- Charles Saatchi says Nigella Lawson used to throttle him too. Is that any defence? (telegraph.co.uk)